Authentic Theology (Part 1)

Charles Taylor has famously called our era the “age of expressive individualism”. This is evident even in the constant tweets, Facebook posts, news articles, and advertisements which beckon the person to ‘be yourself’. Just let it out. Don’t let anyone tell you who to be. Chase your dreams. Don’t be defined by some distant authority. You decide what is right for you. Do what feels right to you.


This individual autonomy has deep roots in American history. As a nation, we have always been prone to individualism (prioritizing the individual over the collective) and a rejection of authority (e.g. the British Empire, the federal government, a state church, etc.). For a summary of how this liberal impulse to individual autonomy clashed with mass media and hyper-modern society, see George F. Marsden’s recent “The Twilight of the American Enlightment: The 1950s and the Crisis of Liberal Belief”. (Interestingly, the late psychologist Erik Erikson stated that  Martin Luther’s stand at the Diet of Worms was the first instance of modern individualism.)


It is a rich irony that as our culture has become more captivated and controlled by mass media (originally newspaper, radio, television, and magazines but now the internet and social media especially) there has been a pronounced increase in the rhetoric of individual autonomy. As culture has become more dependent on conformity (for example, cookie cutter houses and neighborhoods), so too has the anxiety for individual identity blossomed.


But this is perhaps best seen in our culture’s approval of nearly all sexual expression. The narrative goes something like this: “If you feel a certain way, don’t deny it. Don’t let anyone tell you its wrong. Do what feels good to you. And if you don’t act on your feelings, it must be because you are repressed and controlled by domineering (read: conservative and religious) authorities”. Thankfully, this logic is not applied to rapists, pedophiles, polygamists, and the incestuous. Yet, the modern ‘individual’ is still being controlled. He or she has simply changed Masters. No longer is the church the dominant authority. Buzzfeed is.  And the tragic fact is that the modern sexual revolution has proven to be a harsh Master indeed indeed. Statistics of divorce, remarriage, single parenting,  STDs, rape, and depression need not be multiplied here.


This would be destructive enough. However, much of modern theology, especially of the liberal variety, has been infiltrated by such a worldly philosophy. It is surely true that Jesus calls us to avoid hypocrisy (see Matthew 5-7, 23). But this is never at the expense of condoning sin. As Christians we are never called to rejoice in our sins, stating “This is who I am and you (whether God or neighbor) had better deal with it”. In many instances expressive individualism has promoted pride, selfishness, and blatant sin in the church of Christ.


But the problem of individual autonomy, divorced from biblical and Theological wisdom, is not new. It has been present seen the the Fall (see Genesis 3). Indeed, as Judges 21:25 states, “In those days there was no king in Israel. Everyone did what was right in his own eyes”. So while our post-modern Western mood may exasperate the problem, it is plainly evident that we are the problem. Fallen humans are ever seeking approval to act on their sinful intuitions. And we will go to any lengths to secure such approval–whether that entails rejecting authority or appealing to it.


How then is the Church to respond? We turn to a biblical rejoinder soon.


The Bloody Cross

Sounds rather grotesque doesn’t it? A naked criminal, hands and feet pierced by nails, hanging from a tree, drowning in his own blood and lung fluid.


And yet this is exactly how Jesus died–which is pretty strange, when you think about it. The King of glory is mocked and spit upon. The Prince of Peace is whipped and shackled, beaten and cursed.


Perhaps even stranger is that Christians love this particular execution. Christians glory in this death. Because, through the death of  Jesus on the cross, we are saved and forgiven (see Colossians 2:13-14). And so early on Christians began making the sign of the cross with their hands, putting it on their churches, and integrating into their art. Even today, it is not uncommon to see people wearing necklaces and bracelets with crosses.


It is the cross which has become a dominant Christian symbol. It is the Christian symbol. However, perhaps not everyone likes it this way.


When browsing through Spotify’s ‘Genre and Moods’ section, I noticed the Christian option. I was happy and surprised to find this secular music provider with a religious music selection (even if only because of the popularity of Christian music). Yet I was intrigued to find that Spotify had chosen a white dove as the symbol to represent this assortment of playlists. The ‘Party’ assortment has a disco ball, ‘Focus’ has a studying lamp, and ‘Romance’ has a heart. The ‘Christian’ selection has a dove.


What is so interesting about Spotify’s ‘Christian’ dove? It is evidence of the tempering and taming of Christianity. The dove represents hope and peace. Who can object to it? On a page dedicated to catering to the interests of customers, the dove offends no one. But the cross represents divine wrath, divine propitiation, and divine intrusion. Who can listen to this teaching? (see John 6:60)


Do Christians love peace? Yes! In many ways, the cross occured so we could be at peace with God and with one another (Romans 5:1, Ephesians 2:14). Colosians 1:20 states that the (bloody) cross has actually brought us peace with God.


But the stubborn fact remains that Christianity is a bloody religion. At the center of our hope, as Christians, is that Jesus bore that divine judgment that we deserved. So let us keep the cross as our religion’s ‘symbol’, even if this disappoints those who want a more tolerable Christianity and a more tolerable Christ.


“For I decided to know nothing among you except Jesus Christ and him crucified” (1 Cor 2:2).


“May I never boast except in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, through which the world has been crucified to me, and I to the world” (Galatians 6:14).


“And between the throne and the four living creatures and among the elders I saw a Lamb standing, as though it had been slain…And they sang a new song, saying, ‘Worthy are you to take the scroll and to open its seals, for you were slain, and by your blood you ransomed people for God from every tribe and language and people and nation” (Revelation 5:6,9).


He is a bloody Savior and we will rejoice in this for eternity to come.


Reflection on ‘The Church’ (Mark Dever)

When I began this book I was anticipating a ‘typical’ 9Marks book. That is, some popular level references and arguments that are helpful and instructive, but in my opinion lacking in some of the substantive depth needed for a foundation. I had longed for a more rigorous exposition of the nature of the church. Happily, this was the book I had been looking for all along! The Church proved to technically proficient and dealt with the most basic issues of what (or who) a local church is.
Early on Dever makes the point that God has consistently been in the business of saving not just individuals, but a people. And specifically, a people that accurately reflects God’s character. And one of the attributes/adjectives that has been used to describe the church is holy. This is very helpful. The church is not merely a group of Christian extroverts coming together to exist however they want. Instead, Christians represent Christ. They are always promoting a message with their lives and doctrine of who God is.

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Does the Bible Prescribe Church Polity?

This Spring 2016 I hope to be at Together for the Gospel. That is, I hope to be worshiping and being equipped with my Presbyterian, Anglican, Bible church, and Baptist brothers and sisters in Christ (among others). I am glad that we can rejoice in and come together for the gospel that is of “first importance” (1 Corinthians 15:3). But just because a matter is of secondary importance, does not relegate it to the status of unimportance. Such is church polity. And I confess that I have often ignored and dismissed church governance as being unimportant (and maybe even unspiritual!). Thankfully, Bobby Jamieson’s Why New Testament Polity is Prescriptive gives a helpful corrective to such anti-authoritarian and post-modern thought by bringing us back to the Bible.

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Review of ‘Prayer’ (Tim Keller)

In general, I think Tim Keller is pretty good. I think he is great at engaging with skeptics and seekers, but I don’t agree entirely with his philosophy of ministry. I like Dever’s The Church more than Keller’s Center Church. He’s good, but I don’t think he is great. That is, until I read his recent work Prayer! I confess that this is one of the best books…that I have ever read. Yup. I was probably just as stunned by this admission as you are now! As I review my notes I am hard-pressed to choose what to highlight and what to leave aside.

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Review of ‘George Mueller Bio’ (John Piper)

Because I have already ready a Mueller biography, I was not expecting to learn much more by Piper’s efforts. And in some sense, much of what Piper expounded was review for me. Mueller was a great man of prayer, he was ultimately concerned with God’s glory as seen in His provision, and the Lord graciously blessed Mueller’s labors. But! I was surprised to see how Christian hedonism seemed so apparent in Mueller’s life. Of course, that is not how he would have put it. But Piper has a knack for finding these things.

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Review of ‘Deliberate Church’ (Mark Dever)

If one’s philosophy is ministry is like a building, then you might consider Mark Dever’s previous work The Church to be the foundation and The Deliberate Church to be the framing, drywall and plaster, with even some tips on painting and decor. Poor illustrations aside, this book is by far the most practical that I have read in the 9Marks series on healthy churches. And if there was any one 9Marks book to give to a pastor, it would be this one.

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